Heroin is highly addictive and dangerous opioid drug.
Heroin disrupts the behavior of certain natural chemicals in the brain which causes these pathways to become dependent on the use of heroin to continue functioning.
Chronic heroin users experience various medical complications such as scarred veins, abscesses and bacterial infections of blood vessels.
Sharing injection equipment is how many heroin users become infected with severe illness like hepatitis b & c and HIV.
Many chronic heroin users experience mental illness such as depression and antisocial personality disorder.
The treatment for heroin overdose is a medicine called naloxone (brand name Narcan). It is an opioid receptor antagonist medication that can reverse a heroin overdose. Narcan can be used by both medical professionals as well as caregivers and family members and can be lifesaving.
Detox is the process of ridding the body of drugs. Medication is recommended during this stage to reduce cravings and physical withdrawal symptoms. Detox alone is not a treatment for heroin
addiction but must be followed by another form of behavioral or pharmacological treatment.
Therapies that are commonly used in heroin addiction treatment include contingency management and cognitive behavioral therapy.