Either the substance use disorder or the mental illness may come first. However, developing one issue does not increase the risk of developing a co-occurring condition.
The symptoms of one disorder will usually worsen the symptoms of the other.
When mental health disorders occur first, a lack of treatment may cause some patients to self-medicate using alcohol and illicit substances.
When drug abuse comes first, long-term use of addictive substances can lead to mental and emotional problems.
Men diagnosed with a mental health disorder were more likely to abuse drugs than their female counterparts.
Often times psychiatric illnesses do not manifest in isolation. It is quite common for a person to experience more than one mental health condition in addiction to a substance use disorder.
In a dual diagnosis, both conditions have their own set of symptoms that can interfere with an individual’s life. The co-occurring disorders also affect one another in several ways, including:
Medication can also be used to treat mental health disorders. There are different types of medications that are prescribed based on each individual’s unique needs. Some common medications include: